Conventional treatment commonly includes stimulant medications, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) or dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine). These medications tend to decrease impulsive and hyperactive behavior and increase the ability to focus. Some of the potential side effects of stimulant medications include nausea, dry mouth, nervousness, tics, diminished appetite, weight loss, stunted growth, palpitations, and insomnia.
There is wide agreement that treatment of ADHD should be multifactorial and should not be limited to the use of medications alone. Other aspects of treatment should address creating a structured classroom environment, parent education and improving parenting skills, tutoring, and behavioral therapy.
The symptoms of ADHD can be effectively managed with medication, although there is no conventional cure for ADHD at this time. As they mature, many children with ADHD learn to compensate for their symptoms in ways that allow them to be productive at school and work.